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Audi A4, S4
Controls and receptions of safe operation
Current leaving and service
Systems of cooling, heating and the air conditioner
Power supply systems, release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
Systems of an electric equipment of the engine
Manual box of a gear change
Coupling, power shafts and differential
- Brake system
Removal of air from brake system
Removal and installation of lobbies brake pads
Removal and installation pads brake mechanisms of back wheels
Check of a thickness of a brake disk
Removal and installation of a brake disk/support
Adjustment of a lay brake
Removal and installation of the switch of a stoplight
Removal and installation of a brake hose
Suspension bracket and steering
Onboard electric equipment
The basic data
The brake system consists of the main brake cylinder, the amplifier of a brake and disk brake mechanisms of forward and back wheels. The hydraulic brake system has two contours, operating диагонально. One contour influences on forward right/back left тормозы, the second contour operates on forward left/back right тормозы. At refusal of one of contours, for example, owing to leak of a liquid car braking is carried out by other contour. Pressure of a liquid in both contours is created by the dual main brake cylinder operating from a pedal of a brake.
The tank with a brake liquid is in an impellent compartment, over the main brake cylinder. It supplies with a brake liquid all system.
The amplifier of a brake at the petrol engine accumulates a part of the vacuum created in the soaked up pipeline of the engine. By pressing of a pedal of a brake the effort to it decreases owing to strengthening action of vacuum. As the diesel engine does not have necessary vacuum on всасывании, models with the diesel engine have the special vacuum pump. The vacuum pump is established ahead on a head of cylinders and set in motion from a camshaft.
The car has as ahead, so behind disk brakes with floating скобой a support. At such design one piston provides pressing of both brake pads to a brake disk.
The dirt and water on a surface brake pads lead to formation of furrows on a surface of brake disks that reduces efficiency of braking.
At cleaning of brake system the dust which can harm to health of the person is allocated, therefore to inhale a brake dust it is impossible.
ABS/The amplifier of emergency braking/EBV/EDS
Works with elektronno-operated elements of brake system and movement system are authorised to be made only to the experts having corresponding preparation.
ABS: the Antiblocking system interferes with blocking of wheels at sharp braking of the car. It promotes preservation of controllability by the car in the course of braking and raises traffic safety.
The amplifier of emergency braking: the Electronic system of the amplifier on the basis of speed of moving of a pedal of a brake and pressure upon a pedal distinguishes an emergency. In such situation the amplifier automatically during milliseconds raises the brake pressure set by the driver, to border of blocking of wheels.
EBV: the System of electronic distribution of brake effort by means of ABS-hydraulics distributes brake effort between forward and back wheels. As electronic system EBV works essentially more sensitively, than a regulator of brake effort operating mechanically it is used essentially больший a regulation range.
At movement on a straight line back brakes participate at the full capacity in the course of braking. To provide stability of the car as well at braking on turns, it is necessary to reduce participation in process of braking of back brakes. Through gauges of number of turns ABS system EBV receives the information, whether the car directly moves or does turn. At realisation of turn braking by back brake mechanisms decreases. Thanks to it back wheels can keep the maximum lateral coupling with road.
EDS: the Elektronno-blocked differential, at трогании from a place brakes turned wheels. Thanks to it the twisting moment is redistributed on "pulling" wheels.
The electronic blocking differential operates at трогании from a place and is switched off automatically at achievement of speed of 40 km/hour. Advantages of this system are absence of negative influence on road performance and preservation of comfort of management at трогании the car from a place.
Instructions on systems ABS/EBV/EDV
The safety scheme in the electronic block of management watches that the system in the presence of any defect (for example, cable breakage) or at too low working pressure (pressure of the storage battery more low 10) was disconnected itself. It is displayed on the panel of devices by fire of control lamps. The usual system of braking remains thus efficient. The car at braking behaves as if ABS is absent.
If during movement control lamp ABS lights up: