Audi A4, S4
Controls and receptions of safe operation
Current leaving and service
Systems of cooling, heating and the air conditioner
Power supply systems, release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
- Systems of an electric equipment of the engine
Ignition and engine management system
- System of preheat of the diesel engine
The general data
Removal and installation of candles накаливания
Check of candles накаливания
Diagnostics of systems of electronic control and the diagnostic equipment
Gymnastics and start systems
Manual box of a gear change
Coupling, power shafts and differential
Suspension bracket and steering
Onboard electric equipment
System of preheat of the diesel engine
The general data
On the cold diesel engine, at air compression in the cylinders, necessary for spontaneous ignition of fuel the temperature is not reached. For this reason preheat is required.
With that end in view in each chamber of combustion the candle накаливания is established. The candle накаливания consists of the case with впрессованным in it a heating core. The heating core in turn consists of a heating spiral and an adjusting spiral. After pressure giving the heating spiral in a core heats up within several seconds to temperature 850°С. Thus the current which is passing on a candle, reaches 30А. At heating increase resistance increases filched that limits a current to 15 - 25 A.Kogda a control lamp of preheat on the panel of devices die away, the engine can be started.
Time of preheat necessary for start of the engine, makes no more than 10 with. Time is regulated the relay of preheat and the block of engine management which through the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid receives the information on current temperature of the engine. The block of engine management on the basis of the received information makes the decision on duration of inclusion of candles накаливания and a necessary current of heating.